By U. Bufford. Mercy College of Health Sciences.
Even-numbered items are most consistent with anxiety buy discount wellbutrin sr 150mg online, and odd-numbered items largely indicate depression generic wellbutrin sr 150 mg with amex. And buy 150mg wellbutrin sr visa, of course, like many people, you may have symptoms of both types of problems. In fact, some people primar- ily suffer from changes in appetite, sleep, energy, or pain while reporting few problematic thoughts or behaviors. These symptoms directly affect your body, but they’re not as easily observed by other people as the behavioral signs covered in the preceding section. Part I: Analyzing Angst and Preparing a Plan 12 Take The Sad, Stressed Sensations Quiz in Worksheet 1-3 to see if your body is trying to tell you something about your emotional state. The symptoms in this quiz can also result from various physical illnesses, drugs in your medicine cabinet, or even your three-cup coffee ﬁx in the morning. Be sure to consult your primary care physician if you’re experiencing any of the symptoms in The Sad, Stressed Sensations Quiz. It’s always a good idea to have a checkup once a year and more frequently if you experience noticeable changes in your body. Although physical sensations overlap in anxiety and depression, even-numbered items in the quiz above are most consistent with anxiety, and the odd-numbered items usually plague those with depression. Reflecting upon Relationships When you’re feeling down or distressed for any length of time, odds are that your relation- ships with those around you will take a hit. Although you may think that your depression or anxiety affects only you, it impacts your friends, family, lovers, co-workers, and acquaintances. Take the quiz in Worksheet 1-4 to see if your emotions are causing trouble with your rela- tionships. Chapter 1: Sorting Out Signs of Anxiety and Depression 13 Worksheet 1-4 The Conﬂicted Connections Quiz ❏ 1. You guessed it; there’s no cutoff score here to tell you deﬁnitively whether or not you’re anxious or depressed. But the more items you check off, the more your relationships are suffering from your anxiety, depression, or both. Odd-numbered items usually indicate prob- lems with depression, and even-numbered items particularly accompany anxious feelings. You may feel somewhat anxious meeting new people and may be uncomfortable in the spotlight — these feelings aren’t necessarily any- thing to be concerned about. However, such issues become problematic when you ﬁnd yourself avoiding social activities or meeting new people because of your shyness. Plotting Your Personal Problems Profile The Personal Problems Proﬁle provides you with an overview of your problematic symp- toms. One good thing about this proﬁle is that you can track how these symptoms change as you progress through the rest of this book. Tyler, a middle-aged engineer, doesn’t consider himself depressed or plagued with any emotional problems. But when he sees his primary care doctor, Tyler complains of fatigue, recent weight gain, and a noticeable loss in his sex drive. Filling out his Personal Problems Proﬁle helps Tyler see that he has a depression that he wasn’t even consciously aware of. It’s also making me withdraw from my girlfriend, which I can see from my loss of sex drive and lack of desire to be with her. Of course, you can skip a few exercises, but the more you do, the sooner you’ll start feeling better. Writing helps you remember, clariﬁes your thinking, and increases focus and reﬂection. Look back at the quizzes earlier in this chapter and underline the most problematic thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and relationship issues for you. Then choose up to ten of the most signiﬁcant items that you’ve underlined and write them in the My Personal Problems Proﬁle space that’s provided. Chapter 1: Sorting Out Signs of Anxiety and Depression 15 In addition, put an A by the symptoms that are most indicative of anxiety (even-numbered items in the preceding quizzes) and a D by symptoms that are most consistent with depres- sion (odd-numbered items). And do they seem to mostly affect your thoughts, feelings, behaviors, or relationships? Worksheet 1-8 My Reﬂections Choosing Your Challenge The next four parts of this workbook cover the areas of thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and relationships. One obvious way of deciding which area to begin in is to choose the one that causes you the most problems. Wherever you choose to start, you should know that all these areas interact with each other. For example, if you have anxious thoughts about being judged, you’re likely to avoid (behavior) the spot- light. Furthermore, you may be overly sensitive to criticism from others (relationships).
Microbiology/Apply knowledge of standard operating procedures/Specimen collection and handling/2 7 order 150 mg wellbutrin sr. B Hektoen agar selectively isolates pathogenic coliforms discount wellbutrin sr 150mg mastercard, especially Salmonella and Shigella cheap wellbutrin sr online mastercard. Select the primary and diﬀerential media of choice MacConkey agar diﬀerentiates lactose fermenters for recovery of most fecal pathogens. MacConkey, blood, birdseed, and Campylobacter that prohibit growth of gram-negative coliforms but (Campy) agars not gram-positive cocci. MacConkey agar and thioglycollate media bacteria and is used to isolate gram-positive cocci B. Staphylococcus aureus the possibility of confusing it with β-hemolytic Microbiology/Select methods/Reagents/Media/ streptococci in throat cultures. All of the following are appropriate when Answers to Questions 11–15 attempting to isolate N. Transport the genital swab in charcoal transport contain blood factors needed to support the growth medium of N. Plate the specimen on New York City or be held a minimum of 48 hours before being Martin–Lewis agar considered negative. Shigella does not ferment the sugars and produces Microbiology/Select methods/Reagents/Media/Stool red (or clear) colonies. Therefore, selective medium used for the recovery of which Salmonella ﬁrst appear yellow but become red. A sheep blood agar plate is used as a primary Answers to Questions 16–20 isolation medium when all of the following organisms are to be recovered from a wound 16. B Both gram-positive cocci and gram-negative bacilli specimen except: will grow on blood agar plates, but the medium is A. B Anaerobic culture media can be prereduced before culture/2 sterilization by boiling, saturation with oxygen-free gas, and addition of cysteine or other thiol compounds. Prereduced and vitamin K1-supplemented blood The ﬁnal oxidation reduction potential (Eh) of the agar plates are recommended isolation media for: medium should be approximately –150 mV to A. Mycobacterium marinum and Mycobacterium minimize the eﬀects of exposure of organisms to avium intracellulare oxygen during inoculation. Direct smears Microbiology/Select methods/Reagents/Media/ can also be made at the time of culture. Staining Anaerobes/2 cells with iodine may reveal the characteristic reddish-brown inclusions sometimes seen in 18. Fluorescein-conjugated of genital specimens in order to recover monoclonal antibodies may be used to identify Chlamydia spp.? Plate onto modiﬁed Tayer–Martin agar within albumin, Stuart transport media, and Leibovitz–Emory 24 hours media. Media used for transporting specimens for viral culture are similar to those for bacteria with the Microbiology/Select methods/Reagents/Media/Virus addition of a nutrient such as fetal calf serum or culture/1 albumin and antibiotics. Specimens for virus culture should be transported refrigerated after being placed in the transport in media containing: media until the culture media can be inoculated. Incubated at 37°C and cultured as soon as possible Microbiology/Apply knowledge of standard operating procedures/Specimen collection and transport/1 7. Te most sensitive method for the detection Answers to Questions 21–25 of β-lactamase in bacteria is by the use of: A. Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase β-lactamase into acidic products that can be detected as a color change by a pH indicator. In the iodometric Microbiology/Select methods/Reagents/Media/ method, a disk containing a penicillin–starch substrate Sensitivity testing/2 turns blue when a drop of iodine is added. Te breakpoint of an antimicrobial drug refers to: of β-lactamase–positive organisms applied to the A. Te amount needed to cause bacteriostasis center of the blue spot will reduce the iodine to iodide, B. The most sensitive method 16 μg/mL or greater of detection is based upon the ability of the organism C. D The breakpoint refers to an antimicrobial related to laboratory operations/Sensitivity testing/2 concentration in the serum associated with 23. A A thin ﬁlm of growth appearing in the zone area of antimicrobial susceptibility testing method, inhibition around the susceptibility disk should be what should be done when interpreting the zone ignored when swarming Proteus or other organisms size of a motile, swarming organism such as a are encountered. D The aminoglycoside antibiotics are bactericidal invalid agents that act by inhibiting protein synthesis. Te swarming area should be measured as the show a low incidence of bacterial resistance but must growth boundary be monitored carefully because at high doses they D.
Learning Activities 23 Learning Activity 2-2 Building More Surgical Words Use the meanings in the right column to complete the surgical words in the left column order discount wellbutrin sr line. Correct Answers 5 % Score *Information in parentheses is used to clarify the meaning of the word but not to build the medical term purchase wellbutrin sr 150mg online. Correct Answers 5 % Score *Information in parentheses is used to clarify the meaning of the word but not to build the medical term proven wellbutrin sr 150 mg. Learning Activities 25 Learning Activity 2-4 Selecting Diagnostic, Pathological, and Related Suffixes Use the suffixes in this list to build diagnostic, pathological, and related words in the right column that reflect the meanings in the left column. Then write the plu- ral form for each of the following singular terms and briefly state the rule that applies. Prefix Types • Explain how a prefix changes the meaning of a med- Prefixes of Position, Number, Measurement, ical word. Learning Activities • Demonstrate your knowledge of this chapter by completing the learning activities. Some of them also contain pre- Prefixes are used in medical terms to denote fixes. A prefix is a word element located at the begin- position, number and measurement, and direc- ning of a word. By changing the prefix macro- to micro- (small), of direction indicate a pathway or route. See Table 3–1 for three other examples of how a prefix changes the meaning of a word. Other Common Prefix Types Prefixes Learning the major types of prefixes, such as pre- fixes of position, number and measurement, and Many other common prefixes may also be used direction, as well as some others, will help you to change the meaning of a word. Table 3-1 Changing Prefixes and Meanings In this table, each word has the same root, nat (birth) and suffix, -al (pertaining to). Table 3-3 Prefixes of Number and Measurement This table lists commonly used prefixes of number and measurement along with their meanings and word analyses. Table 3-4 Prefixes of Direction This table lists commonly used prefixes of direction as well as their meanings and word analyses. It is time to review prefixes by completing Learning Activities 3–1, 3–2, and 3–3. Complete each activity and review your answers to evaluate your understanding of the chapter. Learning Activity 3-1 Identifying and Defining Prefixes Place a slash after each of the following prefixes and then define the prefix. Levels of Organization • Identify the cavities, quadrants, and regions of the Cell body. Cell Membrane and Cytoplasm • List and identify the terms related to direction, Nucleus position, and planes of the body. Tissue Organ • Recognize, pronounce, spell, and build words related System to body structure and identify common Organism abbreviations. Anatomical Position • Describe diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and Planes of the Body other terms associated with body structure. Body Cavities • Demonstrate your knowledge of this chapter by Abdominopelvic Divisions completing the learning and medical record activities. These terms are an This chapter provides the basic foundation for essential part of medical terminology and are used understanding the body system chapters that fol- in all body systems. It presents the basic structural and functional and terminology associated with the disease organization of the body—from the cellular level process are also provided. It also presents terms used to ents and describes terms associated with diagnos- describe planes of the body, body cavities, quad- tic and therapeutic procedures. Body Structure Key Terms This section introduces important terms associated with body structure, along with their defini- tions and pronunciations. In each pair of chromosomes, one chromosome is inherited from the father and the other from the mother. Each of these levels builds on the traits as hair color, body structure, and metabolic previous level, and contributes to the structure and activity. The levels of organization from least to most com- plex are: Tissue • cell Groups of cells that perform a specialized activity • tissue are called tissues. Between the cells that make up tissues are • system varying amounts and types of nonliving, intercellu- • organism. More than 200 cell types compose four Cell major tissues of the body: The study of the body at the cellular level is called • Epithelial tissue covers surfaces of organs, cytology. The cell is the structural and functional lines cavities and canals, forms tubes and unit of life. Body cells perform all activities associ- ducts, provides the secreting portions of ated with life, including utilizing food, eliminating glands, and makes up the epidermis of the waste, and reproducing. It is composed of cells arranged in a membrane that encloses cytoplasm and a nucleus. Cell Membrane and Cytoplasm • Connective tissue supports and connects The cell membrane acts as a barrier that encloses other tissues and organs.
Trichinella spiralis Microbiology/Apply knowledge of pathogenesis and life cycles/Parasitology/3 472 Chapter 7 | Microbiology 56 buy wellbutrin sr with a mastercard. In an outbreak of diarrheal disease traced to a drugs developed increasing diarrhea buy 150 mg wellbutrin sr. Te most municipal water supply discount wellbutrin sr generic, the most likely causative likely combination of disease and diagnostic agent is: procedure is: A. Paragonimiasis and wet preparation Microbiology/Apply knowledge of life cycles and Microbiology/Apply knowledge of pathogenesis and epidemiology/Parasitology/2 diagnostic procedures/Parasitology/3 Answers to Questions 56–61 57. After returning from a 2-year stay in India, a patient has eosinophilia, an enlarged left spermatic 56. B The fact that the patient has received a transplant, is cord, and bilateral inguinal lymphadenopathy. Tick blood ﬁlms—microﬁlariae perform is the preparation and examination of thick blood ﬁlms for the recovery and identiﬁcation of Microbiology/Apply knowledge of pathogenesis and microﬁlariae. Patients with severe diarrhea should use immediately infective when passed in stool, and “enteric precautions” to prevent nosocomial nosocomial infections have been well documented infections with: with this coccidian. Cystoisospora belli and the amastigote in the striated muscle (usually Microbiology/Apply knowledge of pathogenesis and life cardiac muscle and intestinal tract muscle). A 60-year-old Brazilian patient with cardiac return to the United States (primary versus relapse irregularities and congestive heart failure suddenly case), and history of antimalarial medication and dies. Examination of the myocardium revealed illness (severe illness, few organisms on smear) are numerous amastigotes, an indication that the very important questions to ask. Without this cause of death was most likely: information, a malaria diagnosis can be missed or A. Trypanosomiasis with Trypanosoma gambiense through contaminated municipal water supplies. Fever patterns, travel history, diet Microbiology/Apply knowledge of pathogenesis and life cycle, and epidemiology/Parasitology/3 7. Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale are of diarrheal disease have been associated with the similar because they: ingestion of strawberries, raspberries, fresh basil, A. Exhibit Schüﬀner’s dots and have a true relapse mesclun (baby lettuce leaves), and snow peas. Cystoisospora belli Microbiology/Apply knowledge of life cycles and Microbiology/Apply knowledge of life cycles and morphology/Parasitology/2 epidemiology/Parasitology/2 Answers to Questions 62–67 63. Te microﬁlariae are in the blood during the late evidence strongly implicates various berries, basil, evening hours mesclun, and snow peas as likely causes. Te diagnostic test of choice is the skin snip outbreaks are very sporadic and tend to occur D. Te most prevalent helminth to infect humans is: under the outer layers of skin; thus, the appropriate A. Enterobius vermicularis, the pinworm diagnostic test is the microscopic examination of skin B. Ascaris lumbricoides, the large intestinal snips for the presence of microﬁlariae. Taenia saginata, the beef tapeworm parasitic helminth infection throughout the world, D. Schistosoma mansoni, one of the blood ﬂukes and the eggs are infective within just a few hours. Microbiology/Apply knowledge of life cycles and Some have said, “You either had the infection as a epidemiology/Parasitology/1 child, have it now, or will have it again when you 65. These ascarid eggs of the Microbiology/Apply knowledge of organism dog can infect humans; the eggs hatch and the larvae morphology/Parasitology/1 wander through the deep tissues, occasionally the 66. Microbiology/Apply knowledge of life cycles/ Parasitology/2 474 Chapter 7 | Microbiology 68. Parasite stages that are immediately infective for with the following parasites: humans on passage from the gastrointestinal tract A. Microsporidia have been identiﬁed as causing severe diarrhea, disseminated disease in other body 74. Routes of infection ﬁfth human malaria, Plasmodium knowlesi, have been identiﬁed as: resemble those of: A. Plasmodium vivax Microbiology/Apply knowledge of life cycles/ Microbiology/Apply knowledge of organism morphology/ Parasitology/2 Parasitology/3 70. An immunocompromised patient continues Answers to Questions 68–74 to have diarrhea after repeated ova and parasites (O&P) examinations (sedimentation 68. Taenia solium and Endolimax nana been conﬁrmed as ingestion and inhalation of the D. Sporozoites within the spore trichrome stains for the microsporidial spores are C.